Consulting and technical implementation from a single source
Nephron Pharmaceuticals Corporation is a global leader in manufacturing generic respiratory medications and a pharmaceutical contract manufacturer. Nephron is headquartered in Orlando, Florida, and manufactures all its pharmaceuticals in the US. For a new production facility in South Carolina, Nephron was on the lookout for a supplier and service provider for secondary packaging line processing –taking products from the filling system to the pallet – and ideally, coordinated from a single source. The company opted for Schubert-Pharma, the team of pharmaceutical packaging specialists from Gerhard Schubert GmbH and IPS GmbH (International Packaging Systems) based in Crailsheim.
In the new facility, Nephron planned to package what would be an entirely new product for the company: an injection agent to be filled in a new type of vial – using polypropylene for the first time, instead of polyethylene. Nephron didn’t yet have any direct experience in handling this product in the secondary packaging system. Furthermore, the products had to be sterilised in an autoclave – another process step with which the company wasn’t familiar. And finally, the products would have to be fitted with a shrink-wrap sleeve prior to packing, instead of a labelled pouch or a separate label, like other Nephron products.
For these reasons, the new partner’s expertise in engineering consulting and project management would play a key role. The initial contact with the team from Schubert-Pharma arose through a recommendation from Kocher Plastik, the company’s primary machine supplier. In subsequent discussions, it became clear that Schubert-Pharma would be the ideal partner to develop the new line’s functionalities and to advise Nephron on the implementation of individual process steps.
In the end, Schubert-Pharma delivered two packaging lines to Nephron, each one comprising four individual machines – a TLM tray loader, a TLM vial separater, a TLM cartoner and a Schubert TLM case packer. All functional components are based on the TLM modular system, which once again succeeded at proving its high-level performance.
Feeding products into the TLM tray loader
Following the filling process in the primary machine, the packaging process begins with the TLM machine taking over the blow-fill-seal blocks (BFS) and sorting them in sterilisation cassettes, which are then grouped on a sterilisation pallet. A TLM-P4 depalletising / palletising robot puts the cassettes in place. No other supplier could offer a suitable handling of the products before autoclaving, palletising them in cassettes and on sterilisation pallets. TLM-F4 four-axis robots can easily take on product handling, while also enabling future product sizes to be processed without requiring complex format adjustments. Both picking up the products by robot and providing the completed pallets for autoclaving take place in a way that is laser-supported and fully automatic, which is why this process step – like virtually the entire packing process – does not require manual intervention.
The BFS blocks are removed from the sterilisation cassettes in rows and placed directly into the separating station.
A gentle separation process
For the actual sterilisation, the cassettes spend 20 minutes in the autoclave chamber, where any microbials are killed at temperatures of close to 120 degrees Celsius. After sterilization, the products are separated as they are removed from the sterilisation cassettes. For this purpose, the existing blocks of four must be separated so that individual BFS vials can be made available. While competitive machines “mechanically split” the blocks of four, this step is positively controlled in the TLM product splitter using moulded change parts and is therefore extremely gentle on the product. The BFS blocks are removed from the cassettes row by row and placed directly into the separating station. Through a shearing motion, the separating tool separates the block into individual BFS vials.
Once the product blocks are separated, the individual BFS vials are inserted in product carriers or pucks. A special feature in this process step is that the products are deposited in the pucks headfirst. A sensor checks that the cassettes have been completely emptied, and then they are palletised for reuse. A complete batch from the autoclave can be handled in the staging area where the pallets come and go. In two intermediate downstream steps, the products are checked for proper sealing (vacuum check) and then labelled with a shrink-wrap sleeve.
Sleeving the vials for further use intensive consulting and customer project support. Looking for the optimal sleeve technology, Schubert-Pharma together with Nephron reviewed several qualified vendors, and finally a recommendation was made. For labelling using a shrink-wrap sleeve, a printed plastic tube is cut to the required lengths and the resulting plastic elements placed over each individual product. By heating the plastic, it shrinks to the contours of the products.
The products are placed in the product carrier headfirst.
Cartoning and delivery to the case packer
The next step is cartoning the vials. To this end, the product needs to be removed from the puck and grouped in the appropriate count for the intended carton sizes. The TLM top-load cartoner is the ideal solution for cartoning “standing” vials with different heights and numbers in the carton. The TLM machine covers a wide range of formats and enables trouble-free adaptation, even to future carton sizes which may bey unknown today. Product handling during cartoning is worthy of mention as well. In a “handshake” process, the products are removed from the pucks and passed on to a second TLM-F2 robot. During the transfer, the products are swivelled 180 degrees and passed to the loading robot in the desired orientation. The loading robot pitches the product row into the desired number of vials per row in the carton. Once a package insert has been included and the carton has been closed, the carton is then passed on to the last TLM machine, the case packer where product cartons are placed in a FEFCO corrugate shipping case. The case packer adapts to all common shipper closure types, from FEFCO to AFM cases as well as from gluing to tape closures (with an extension). An interesting detail is the integrated label dispenser with the option of around-the-corner application. Finally, the completed shipping carton is transferred to the central pallet, which transports the cartons to the warehouse.
The packaging line is now still in a test stage and is only used for smaller tasks. A packaging speed of nine million vials per machine per month is anticipated, corresponding to 530 vials per minute for both carton and vial formats. Only five workers are required on the line and they are primarily responsible for quality inspection. The machine will go into full production beginning in the summer of 2015.
In the cartoner, a packaging insert is placed in the carton before closing. (left image)
The line management system and track & trace functionality
With increasingly stringent regulatory requirements with regards to serialisation, Schubert-Pharma also developed an implementation concept for an intelligent line management system (LMS) with integrated track & trace functionality for Nephron. Schubert-Pharma first adapted Nephron’s interfaces in their factory-wide data management system (Manufacturing Information System, MIS) and then developed the required software. The system receives randomised serial data for the product carton from the MIS, groups them together in the shipping carton and communicates it back to the MIS at the production location.
“We are more than satisfied with the line and with Schubert-Pharma’s project management,” says Jonathan Burgess, R&D Engineer at Nephron Pharmaceuticals in Orlando. “It was especially important for us to have a permanent contact person at Schubert and to remain in touch through the entire process. The products, as well as individual process steps, such as sterilisation, were new to us. We wanted an expert advisor throughout the entire process to guide us in selecting individual components. Schubert-Pharma took on this role brilliantly. The main reason we chose Schubert-Pharma, however, was that we would be able to build the entire secondary packaging line using the TLM modular system’s seven basic components, which had already proven themselves in several other projects. With its TLM technology and consulting expertise, Schubert-Pharma was the perfect partner for this assignment. We would be very happy to work with Schubert-Pharma again anytime in the future.”